Travelling around Sunderland
Lying at the mouth of the River Wear in the North East of England, Sunderland is sandwiched between two great northern cities, Newcastle and Durham. A must-see destination in its own right, this vibrant city is brimming with culture, history and charm. Visit Hylton Castle – a magnificent medieval tower and gatehouse on the edge of the city – take a tour of the Roker Pier and Lighthouse or explore some of the city’s beautiful parks and gardens.
Sunderland has excellent road and rail links. Arriva buses operate in the area, providing routes to local towns and villages, such as Sedgefield and Wingate, as well as regular services to Hartlepool and Darlington.
Sunderland has a rich and vibrant history. The bustling modern city we see today grew up around an ancient monastery, founded on the banks of the River Wear in the middle of the 7th century. Monkwearmouth Monastery, as it was known, is the place where the Venerable Bede (often referred to as the father of English History) first took his holy orders. Over the next few centuries, the town developed into a busy fishing port and was doing a roaring trade in salt and coal by the turn of the new millennium. Sunderland was granted a town charter in 1179 and by the 14th century, it was home to a burgeoning shipbuilding industry. After the Industrial Revolution, its shipbuilding industry exploded, becoming one of the largest in the country.