Travelling around Richmond
Richmond lies on the banks of the River Swale at the edge of the Yorkshire Dales, with a skyline punctuated by historical landmarks. It has been described as the jewel in the heart of North Yorkshire, and after a visit to the town, with its museums, monuments and beautiful Georgian architecture, you’ll soon see why.
Just a few miles from Scotch Corner on the A1, Richmond is easily accessible by road. Arriva buses operate in the area, with routes to nearby towns and villages, such as Colburn and Catterick, as well as regular services to and from Darlington.
Richmond was founded in 1071 by the Breton Alan Rufus on lands gifted to him by William the Conqueror. Work was completed on Richmond Castle in 1086, and this imposing medieval stronghold still dominates the landscape today. Henry IV took possession of the lands after the last Duke of Brittany died without an heir in 1399, and they remained under the Crown’s jurisdiction for the next few centuries. Richmond prospered during the medieval period, with its busy market and thriving wool trade. Following the Industrial Revolution, the local lead mining industry flourished and in 1830, one of Europe’s first gas works was established in the town.