Travelling around Durham
Located on the banks of the attractive River Wear is the glorious city of Durham. With a fine university and surely one of the finest cathedrals in the world, Durham is sure to keep even the most demanding visitor happy. Durham and its corner of the North East has so much in store for residents and visitors alike. You can visit the cathedral, of course, and then visit the castle, take a walk along the riverside, visit a museum and end the day at the theatre.
Getting around Durham is quick and easy, Board a bus to the historic sights of nearby Bishop Auckland, the bright city lights of Newcastle, Middlesbrough, Sunderland, Hartlepool and many more places besides.
Archaeological evidence indicates that Durham has been a place of human habitation since around 2000 BC, but the origins of the city date back as far as AD 995, when it was founded by a group of monks from Lindisfarne, they were thought to be carrying the remains of Saint Cuthbert and a small wooden church was erected where St. Cuthbert’s body lay. This is the spot where Durham Cathedral would eventually stand.
In 1093, the people of Durham fought back against Norman invaders and it’s this battle that eventually led to the creation of Durham’s famous cathedral. Durham Castle was also created by William the Conqueror around this time for the purpose of solidifying Norman power in the area. Fast-forward to 1832, a momentous year when Durham University, England’s third oldest university, was founded and the Great Reform Act passed.
Carpet making, weaving, and coal mining were Durham’s primary profession in the nineteenth century, and coal mining remained Durham’s most important industry until the latter part of the twentieth century. Today, a great deal of the city is considered to be of importance for historical preservation purposes, with both the castle and cathedral listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1986.